Energy Audit and Energy Management



This short course is designed to provide capacity building and training support to energy management professionals for energy auditing to make sure that a core of qualified and certified professionals is available in the market who can assist public/private institutions, and industrial and commercial customers in the implementation of cost-effective energy-saving measures.

This course also fits a new professional who is just entering the job market, a student completing studies, or looking to further a career in energy efficiency.


This tailor-made course provides a unique opportunity to consider Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management (EEDSM) as a strategy for the reduction of energy costs for consumers as well as improving the financial condition of the Utilities. Implementation of EEDSM projects is seen as a measure to reduce GHG emissions thus making a useful contribution to the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) target and as such companies and organizations are embracing the concept. There is a lot of market for energy efficiency projects in the corporate world. Trained participants of the course can carry out market assessment studies for providing policy advisory services to Governmental bodies including regulators, provide technical services to the consumers for energy audit and project development & implementation services, risk assessment services to bankers, and financing companies for the development of appropriate financing mechanisms and consulting services to global development agencies in design and implementation of Sustainable Energy market transformation programs and projects.


The objective of the course is to

  • Expose participants to the principles, systems, codes, and regulations that govern energy efficiency,
  • Gain a well-rounded knowledge of energy management and auditing
  • Understand the basics of how to calculate energy, benchmark, and audit
  • Identify where energy savings can be found in a building or facility
  • Gain knowledge on how to collect data using appropriate energy auditing instruments

Course Outcomes

At the end of the course, participants will be able to conduct energy audits in a facility and identify energy conservation opportunities for implementation.

Target Audience

  • Professionals interested in a career in energy efficiency
  • Professionals in career transition
  • Professionals seeking to upgrade their skills
  • New graduates
  • Energy management professionals

Course Content

Unit (Volume)


Lesson topic

Lesson Plan

Energy systems equipment and measurement campaign

Energy Systems Equipment

1.   Basics of


Energy forms, Energy, work and power, Electricity basics, and Thermal energy basics.

2.   Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning systems

HVAC Basics, HVAC types, heating, and cooling load estimation, vapor compression refrigeration cycle, refrigerants, coefficient of performance.

Factors affecting Air conditioning system performance, energy efficiency opportunities in Air-conditioning system.

Factors affecting refrigeration, energyefficiency opportunities in a refrigeration system, performances evaluation of chillers and AHUs

3.   Motors andMotor-DrivenSystems

Types, losses in induction motors, motor efficiency, factors affecting motor performance, issues of rewinding and motor replacement, energy-efficient motors, motor survey, voltage unbalance, types of starters and soft starters with energy saver, variable speed drives, opportunities for energy efficiency in motors.

Fans and Blowers: Types, performance evaluation,    efficient    system   operation,

4.   Electrical


Lighting: Light source, choice of lighting, luminance requirements, light-emitting diodes, metal halides, fluorescent tubelights, compact fluorescent lamps; Labelling scheme, electronic ballast; lighting controls: occupancy sensors, daylighting options; Performances evaluation of Lighting system; Energy efficiency opportunities in lighting system

Air conditioners: Types, EER, labeling, and energy-saving opportunities

Ceiling fans: Selection guide, air volume, and relative efficiency and energy savings opportunities

Refrigerators: Market share, performance evaluation, energy-saving opportunities

Microwave ovens: Principle, performance evaluation, energy-saving opportunities

Kitchen appliances: Tips for energy savings Electric Geysers

Energy systems equipment and measurement campaigns

Laboratory courses            on measurement

5.   Portable

instruments for energy audit

Portable Instruments for Energy Audit: Power analyzer, Fyrite, Fuel efficiency monitor, combustion gas analyzer, Manometer with Pitot tube, Anemometer, Contact and Non-Contact Thermometer, Ultrasonic flow meters, speed measurement (tachometer, stroboscope), Psychrometer, Lux meter, Ultrasonic leak detector, Thermography

Investment grade             energy audit

Energy   audit process

6.   ISO 50001,

50002, 14001

& 14002

management processes

ISO 50001: Benefits, how does it work, concepts, key requirements; ISO 50002: Scope, terms, and conditions, audit procedure; ISO 14001: How does it work, benefits, key elements, concept, key requirements.

7.   Walk-through and investment-grade energy audit

Definition of energy audit, types of energy audit, Energy audit approach, benchmarking, energy performance, components and principle of material and energy balance,    methods for preparing process flow, material, and energy balance diagrams.

8. Planning for energy audit

Plan energy audit, define required audit procedures, select the project team, determine appropriate audit level, define pre-audit tasks, define data required for energy analysis, plan a pre-audit interview, communicate procedures and data gathering, identify operations and maintenance team and create pre-audit O&M interview questions, define audit report format and requirements.

9. Data collection

Define pre-site data collection, collect pre-site data, define on-site data collection, collect on-site data, data harvesting, and analysis, calculate energy savings

10. Techno EconomicAnalysis

Calculate payback, evaluate energy management opportunities, financial analysis, perform savings calculations, preparation of PPT presentations andinvestment grade energy audit reports

11.Performance evaluation of Buildings

Detailed step wise procedure to conduct performance evaluation of a building with case study


12. Electrical

safety audit

Methodology, contents of safety audit report, lighting protection system evaluation, electrical hazards and control measures, electrical maintenance review and safety measures.

Strategic energy management

Policy      and regulatory

13. Energy conservation information system

Methodology for prioritizing SE markets, Information requirement to assess energy conservation status, develop framework for data collection, analysis and assessment of EC status for each product category or SE market, development of key performance indicators for each market /product, ongoing methods for data collection, harvesting and use for decision making

14.  Utility tariffs

Tariff audit, Tariff structure

15. Energy Scenario,Policy and Regulations in Ghana

Fundamentals of sustainable energy systems, Energy   Scenario-Global   and  Ghana,  Current Energy related Policy in Ghana, Role of Energy Commission (EC) and Notifications under the Act, Electricity Supply and Demand, Renewable energy policy in Ghana, Ghana’s action plan on climate change, energy strategy for the future



16. Risk Analysis and mitigation measures 

Need for risk analysis, framework for risk analysis and mitigation measures.


Energy audit

17. Practical

Practical on how to use the various energy audit instruments